People

Penn IUR is affiliated with more than 200 experts in the field of urbanism. Its Faculty Fellows program identifies faculty at the University of Pennsylvania with a demonstrated interest in urban research; the Penn IUR Scholars program identifies urban scholars outside of Penn; and the Penn IUR Fellows program identifies expert urban practitioners. Together, these programs foster a community of scholars and encourage cross-disciplinary collaboration.

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Faculty Fellow

David Barnes

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Director of Health and Societies Major and Associate Professor

About

David Barnes is Associate Professor and Director of the Health and Societies Major in the Department of History and Sociology of Science in the School of Arts and Sciences, where he teaches the history of medicine and public health. Prior to joining Penn, Barnes taught for a year at the Institute for Liberal arts at Emory University and for seven years in the History of Science Department at Harvard University. His current research is concentrated in the history of infectious disease, epidemiology, and public health; nineteenth-century urban European social and cultural history; and the politics of international disease control programs. He has a forthcoming book on the history of the Lazaretto Quarantine Station, located outside of Philadelphia.

Selected Publications

Barnes, David. 2014. “Cargo, ‘Infection,’ Cargo, and the Logic of Quarantine in the Nineteenth Century.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 88(1).

Barnes, David. 2010. “Targeting Patient Zero." In Tuberculosis Then and Now: Perspectives on the History of an Infectious Disease, 49-71, edited by Flurin Condrau and Michael Worboys.  Montreal, QC and Kingston, ON: McGill-Queen's University Press.

Barnes, David. 2006. The Great Stink of Paris and the Nineteenth-Century Struggle against Filth and Germs. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Barnes, David. 2002. “Scents and Sensibilities: Disgust and the Meanings of Odors in Late Nineteenth-Century Paris." Historical Reflections/Réflexions historiques 28: 21-49.

Barnes, David. 1 995. The Making of a Social Disease: Tuberculosis in Nineteenth-Century France. University of California Press.

Faculty Fellow

Jere Behrman

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William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of Economics

About

Jere R. Behrman is W.R. Kenan Jr. Professor of Economics and Sociology in the School of Arts and Sciences. A leading international researcher in empirical microeconomics with a focus on developing economies, Behrman has been Chair of Economics, Research Associate and Director of Penn’s Population Studies Center, Associate Director of the Lauder Institute, and Associate Director of Penn’s Population Aging Research Center, among other positions in the University. He has been an investigator on over 160 research projects, including 42 National Institutes of Health (NIH) and 14 National Science Foundation (NSF) grants, and has published over 400 articles and 35 books. The unifying dimension of much of this research is to improve empirical knowledge of the determinants of and the impacts of human resources given unobserved factors such as innate health and ability, the functioning of various institutions such as households and imperfect markets, and information imperfections. 

Selected Publications

Behrman, Jere R., Susan W. Parker, Petra E. Todd, and Kenneth I. Wolpin. 2015. "Aligning Learning Incentives of Students and Teachers: Results from a Social Experiment in Mexican High Schools." Journal of Political Economy 123(2): 325-64.

Richter, Linda M., Bernadette Daelmans, Joan Lombardi, Jody Heymann, Florencia Lopez Boo, Jere R. Behrman, Chunling Lu, Jane E. Lucas, Rafael Perez-Escamilla, Tarun Dua, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Karin Stenberg, Paul Gertler, and Gary L. Darmstadt. "Investing in the Foundation of Sustainable Development: Pathways to Scale up for Early Childhood Development. 2017. " The Lancet.

Allen, Franklin, Jere R. Behrman, Nancy Birdsall, Shahrokh Fardoust, Dani Rodrik, Andrew Steer, and Arvind Subramanian. 2014. Towards a Better Global Economy: Policy Implications for Global Citizens in the 21st Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Almedia, Rita, Jere Behrman, and David Robalino, editors. 2012. The Right Skills for the Job? Rethinking Effective Training Policies for Workers. Washington, DC: Social Protection, Human Development Network, World Bank. 

Penn IUR Scholar

Charles Branas

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Anna Cheskis Gelman and Murray Charles Gelman Professor Epidemiology, Chair, Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University

Areas of Interest

    About

    Dr. Branas has conducted research that extends from urban and rural areas in the US to communities across the globe, incorporating place-based interventions and human geography. He has led win-win science that generates new knowledge while simultaneously creating positive, real-world changes and providing health-enhancing resources for local communities. His pioneering work on geographic access to medical care has changed the healthcare landscape, leading to the designation of new hospitals and a cottage industry of national scientific replications in the US and other countries for many conditions: trauma, cancer, stroke, etc. His research on the geography and factors underpinning gun violence has been some of the most impactful work of the past decades, being cited by landmark Supreme Court decisions, Congress, and the NIH Director. Dr. Branas has also led groundbreaking scientific work to transform thousands of vacant lots, abandoned houses and other blighted spaces in improving the health and safety of entire communities. These are the very first citywide randomized controlled trials of urban blight remediation and have shown this intervention to be a highly cost-effective solution to persistent urban health problems like gun violence. He has also worked internationally on four continents and led multi-national efforts, producing dozens of developing nation scientists, health programs for entire nations, citations from the WHO, the EU, and worldwide press coverage.

    Selected Publications

    Hohl BC, Wiley S, Wiebe DJ, Culyba AJ, Drake R, Branas CC. Association of drug and alcohol use with adolescent firearm homicide at individual, family, and neighborhood levels. JAMA Internal Medicine: 1-7, 2017.
     
    Branas CC, Kondo MC, Murphy SM, South EC, Polsky D: Urban blight remediation as a cost-beneficial solution to firearm violence. American Journal of Public Health 106: 1-7, 2016.
     
    Branas CC, Han S, Wiebe DJ: Alcohol use and firearm violence. Epidemiologic Reviews 38(1): 32-45, 2016.
    Emerging Scholar

    Catherine Brinkley

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    Ph.D., Regional Planning, University of Pennsylvania

    Veterinary (VMD) student, University of Pennsylvania Veterinary School

    MS in Virology, Gothenburg University, Sweden

    Areas of Interest

      About

      Katie Brinkley completed her Ph.D. in Regional Planning at PennDesign in December 2013 and recently finished her last clinical year in the VMD program at the University of Pennsylvania Veterinary School. Brinkley’s Ph.D. in Regional Planning and Master’s degree in Virology, along with her current work as a Veterinary student, inform her research in ecosystem management; this research concentrates particularly on the prevention of animal-to-human disease and sustainable resource planning. Her research interests include public health, the rural-urban interface, animal agriculture, and food security. Brinkley’s dissertation uses GIS and spatial analytics to explore urban development morphologies as they impact the agricultural sector, regional economies and food distribution. She has worked with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to assess food access and waste management in low-income nations and is a former Fulbright Fellow.

      Selected Publications

      Brinkley, C. (2012). "Evaluating the Benefits of Peri-Urban Agriculture." Journal of Planning 

      Literature. 27(3): 259-269.

      Brinkley, C. (2013). "Avenues into Food Planning: a Review of Scholarly Food System Research." International Journal of Planning Studies. 18(2): 243-266.

      Brinkley, Catherine, Eugenie Birch, and Alexander Keating. (2013) "Feeding cities: Charting a research and practice agenda toward food security." Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems and Community Development.

      Brinkley, C. forthcoming. "Decoupled: successful planning policies in countries that have reduced per capita GHG emissions with continued economic growth," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy.

      Emerging Scholar

      Seung Ah Byun

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      Senior Planner for Water Resources, Brandywine Conservancy’s Municipal Assistance Program

      About

      Seung Ah Byun is the Senior Planner for Water Resources with the Brandywine Conservancy’s Municipal Assistance Program. Her responsibilities involve developing and managing innovative stormwater management practices, green infrastructure tools, and source water protection projects at the watershed and local scales. She also provides technical expertise to municipalities on compliance with state and federal water quality regulations such as MS4 and TMDL requirements. Previously, Seung Ah was a water resources engineer at CDM Smith, primarily consulting for the City of Philadelphia’s Office of Watersheds and CSO Program.  Seung Ah received her doctorate and a master’s degree from the University of Pennsylvania, School of Design’s Department of City and Regional Planning. She also obtained a master’s degree in environmental engineering from Drexel University and a bachelor’s of science in systems engineering from the University of Pennsylvania. Seung Ah is a licensed Professional Engineer and is a LEED Accredited Professional. 

      Selected Publications

      Byun, Seung Ah. James T. Smullen, Mark Maimone, Robert E. Dickinson, and Christopher S. Crockett. (2003) “Overcoming Obstacles for the Application of SWMM to Large-scale Watersheds.” Practical Modeling of Urban Water Systems, Monograph 11. Edited by James, William. CHI, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

      Faculty Fellow

      Carolyn Cannuscio

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      Assistant Professor

      About

      Carolyn Cannuscio is Assistant Professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health at the Perelman School of Medicine. She is a social epidemiologist with substantial experience studying aging, chronic disease, health disparities, and material hardship. Her current work concentrates in two ares: the material and social causes of later-life health disparities, and the preventable causes of urban health disparities. To advance the use of visual methods in health disparities research, she collaborates with David Asch, Eve Weiss, and a strong interdisciplinary team of student research assistants. 

      Selected Publications

      Hailu, T., C.C. Cannuscio, R. Dupuis, and J. Karlawish. 2017. “A typical day with mild cognitive impairment.” American Journal of Public Health 107(6): 927-928. 

      Morgan, A.U.; R. Dupuis, E.D. Whiteman, B. D'Alonzo, and C.C. Cannuscio. 2017. “Our Doors Are Open to Everybody: Public Libraries as Common Ground for Public Health.” Journal of Urban Health-Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 94(1).

      Golinkoff, A., Moriah Hall; Willie Baronet, Carolyn Cannuscio, and Rosemary Frasso. 2016. “Cardboard Commentary: A Qualitative Analysis of the Signs From America’s Streets.” American Journal of Public Health 106(11).

      Penn IUR Scholar

      Janet Currie

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      Henry Putnam Professor of Economics and Public Affairs, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

      Director of the Center for Health and Well Being, Princeton University

      Areas of Interest

        About

        Janet Currie is the Henry Putnam Professor of Economics and Public Affairs at Princeton University and the Director of Princeton’s Center for Health and Well Being. She also directs the Program on Families and Children at the National Bureau of Economic Research. She is a Member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Sciences, a Fellow of the Econometric Society, and a Fellow of the Society of Labor Economists.  She was elected Vice President of the American Economics Association in 2010, and will be President of the Society of Labor Economists in 2014. Her research focuses on the health and well-being of children. She has written about early intervention programs, programs to expand health insurance and improve health care, public housing, and food and nutrition programs. Her current research focuses on socioeconomic differences in child health, and on environmental threats to children’s health.

        Selected Publications

        Currie, Janet, and Erdal Tekin. Forthcoming. Is There a Link Between Foreclosure and Health? American Economic Journals: Economic Policy.

        Currie, Janet, and Joshua Graff-Zivin, Jamie Mullen, and Matthew Neidell. 2014. “What Do We Know About Short and Long Term Effects of Early Life Exposure to Pollution? Annual Review of Resource Economics. 

        Currie, Janet and Robert Khan, ed. 2012. The Future of Children. Children With Disabilities, 22(1). Washington DC: Princeton-Brookings.

        Currie, Janet and Reed Walker. 2011. Traffic Congestion and Infant Health. American Economic Journal-Applied Economics, 65-90.

        Currie, Janet M. 2006. The Invisible Safety Net: Protecting the Nation's Poor Children and Families. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

        Emerging Scholar

        Theodore Eisenman

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        Assistant Professor of Landscape Architecture, University of Massachusetts Amherst

        About

        Theodore Eisenman, Ph.D., MLA, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He was previously an Andrew W. Mellon Fellow in the Humanities Institute at the New York Botanical Garden, and his principal scholarly interest concerns the historical, scientific, cultural, and design bases of urban greening – defined here as the introduction or conservation of outdoor vegetation in cities. Theodore’s career spans research and practice with a range of federal, municipal, and nonprofit organizations. He has been a regular contributor to Landscape Architecture Magazine on ecological design topics and is currently a review editor for the urban ecology section of Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. Raised in Sweden and the United States, and having worked as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Senegal, he is also interested in international affairs.

        Selected Publications

        Eisenman, T. S. (2016). Greening Cities in an Urbanizing Age: The Human Health Bases in the 19th and Early 21st Centuries. Change Over Time, In Press.

        Eisenman, T. S. (2016) [Review of The Ecological Design and Planning Reader, by F. O. Ndubisi]. Journal of Planning Education and Research, OnlineFirst.

        Eisenman, T. S. (2013). Frederick Law Olmsted, Green Infrastructure, and the Evolving City. Journal of Planning History, 12(4), 287–311.

        Eisenman, T. S. (2013). [Review of Greening Berlin: The Co-production of Science, Politics, and Urban Nature, by J. Lachmund]. Journal of Planning Literature, 28(3), 258–259.

        Eisenman, T. S. Anzevino, J., Rosenberg, S., & Spector, S. (Eds.). (2010). Revitalizing Hudson Riverfronts: Illustrated Conservation & Development Strategies for Creating Healthy, Prosperous Communities. Poughkeepsie, NY: Scenic Hudson.

         

        Faculty Fellow

        Kenneth Foster

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        Professor of Bioengineering

        About

        Kenneth R. Foster is Professor of Bioengineering in the School of Engineering and Applied Science. His research interests relate to biomedical applications of nonionizing radiation from audio through microwave frequency ranges, and health and safety aspects of electromagnetic fields as they interact with the body. Foster examines the prospects of workers in electrical occupations and the controversy related to possible cancer risk from electromagnetic field exposure. He has written also on the broader topic of technological risk, and impact of technology (principally, electrotechnologies) on humans. His goal in this area is to examine technology, putting into perspective its relative risks and benefits to society. What he hopes to impart is a better perception of the social use of science.

        Selected Publications

        Foster, K.R. and J. E. Moulder. 2017. “Will an MRI Examination Damage Your Genes?” Radiation Research 187(1).

        Foster, K.R. and D. J. Callans, 2017. “Smartphone apps meet evidence based medicine.” IEEE Pulse (April/May).

        Foster, K.R.  2017. “Radiofrequency Fields and the Precautionary Principle.” In Non-ionizing Radiation Protection: Summary of Research and Policy Options, edited by A.W. Wood and K. Karipisis, 405-429. Wiley.

        Foster, K.R. 2016. “3-Dimensional Printing in Medicine: Hype, Hope, and The Challenge of Personalized Medicine.” In Philosophy and Engineering: Exploring Boundaries, Expanding Connections, edited by Byron Newberry, Diane Michelfelder, and Qin Zhu, 211-228. New York City: Springer.

        Foster, K.R. 2015. “Biological Effects of Radiofrequency Energy As Related to Health and Safety.” In Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 2nd Edition, edited by John Webster. Wiley. 

        Affiliated PhD Student

        Ari Friedman

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        MD/PhD Candidate in Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania

        About

        Ari B. Friedman is a Fellow at the Leonard Davis Institute and a sixth-year M.D./Ph.D. student in health economics at the University of Pennsylvania's Perelman School of Medicine and the Wharton School. His research interests include the industrial organization of the unscheduled care system (primary care clinics, urgent care and retail clinics, and emergency departments), access to care and insurance, and financially integrating population health into the medical system. His work has been cited more than 600 times, with an h-index of 8.

        Selected Publications

        Friedman AB. Comment on Economic Incentives and Use of the Intensive Care Unit. JAMA 2014. 311(22):2336-2337.

        Rhodes KV, Kenney GM, Friedman AB, Saloner B, Lawson CC, Chearo D, Wissoker D, Polsky D. Primary Care Access for New Patients on the Eve of Health Care Reform. JAMA Int Med 2014.

        Becker NV, Friedman AB. Emergency Department, Heal Thyself. Am J Emerg Med 2014. 32(2):175-177.

        Friedman AB, Mendola T. To Cover Their Child, One Couple Navigates A Health Insurance Maze In Pennsylvania. Health Affairs2013. 32(5):994-997.

        Friedman AB, Becker N. Understanding the Individual Mandate's SCOTUS Pivot Points. LDI Health Economist. April 2012.VIDEO

        Faculty Fellow

        Karen Glanz

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        George A. Weiss University Professor, Perelman School of Medicine and School of Nursing

        About

        Karen Glanz is George A. Weiss University Professor, Professor of Epidemiology in the Perelman School of Medicine, and Professor of Nursing in the Department of Biobehavioral Health Sciences in the School of Nursing. She is Director of the UPenn Prevention Research Center and serves on the NHLBI Advisory Council at the National Institutes of Health. Her research seeks to understand health behavior and improve it through education, public policy, and organizational change. A globally influential public health scholar, her work spans psychology, epidemiology, nutrition, and other disciplines. Her research in community and health care settings covers healthy eating, obesity prevention, cancer prevention and control, chronic disease management and control, reducing health disparities, and health communication technologies. She has published more than 440 journal articles and book chapters. Thomson Reuters named her one of “The World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds 2015” in general social sciences. The Institute for Scientific Information has named her a Most Highly Cited Researcher. Over the past 15 years, Glanz has received more than $45 million in research funding. 

        Selected Publications

        Cain KL, Gavand KA, Conway TL, Geremia CM, Millstein RA, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Adams MA, Glanz K, King AC, Sallis JF. 2017 (in press). “Developing and validating an abbreviated version of the Microscale Audit for Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS-Abbreviated).” Journal of Transport & Health.

        Wang X, Conway TL, Cain KL, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Geremia C, Kerr J, Glanz K, Carlson JA, Sallis JF. 2017 (in press). “Interactions of psychosocial factors with built environments in explaining adolescents' active transportation.” Preventive Medicine.

        Carlson JA, Mitchell TB, Saelens BE, Staggs VS, Kerr J, Frank LD, Schipperijn J, Conway TL, Glanz K, Chapman JE, Cain KL, Sallis JF. 2017 (in press). “Within-person associations of young adolescents’ physical activity across five primary locations: Is there evidence of cross-location compensation?” International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity.

        James P, Hart JE, Hipp JA, Mitchell JA, Kerr J, Hurvitz PM, Glanz K, Laden F. 2017 (in press). “GPS-based exposure to greenness and walkability and accelerometry-based physical activity.” Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

        Glanz K, Johnson L, Yaroch A, Phillips M, Ayala G, Davis E. 2016. “Measures of Retail Food Store Environments and Sales:  Review and Implications for Healthy Eating Initiatives.” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 48: 280-288.

        Faculty Fellow

        Erick Guerra

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        Assistant Professor

        About

        Erick Guerra is Assistant Professor in City and Regional Planning in the School of Design, where he teaches courses in transportation planning and quantitative planning methods. His research focuses on the relationship between land use, transportation systems, and travel behavior with an emphasis on rapidly motorizing cities, public health outcomes, and transportation technologies. He has published recent articles on land use and transportation in Mexico and Indonesia, public transport policy, land use and traffic safety, and contemporary planning for self-driving vehicles.

        As a practicing researcher and consultant, Guerra has ongoing or recently completed projects on accessibility and transportation affordability for the Brookings Institution, the World Bank, the OECD, and the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. He holds a Ph.D. in City and Regional Planning from the University of California Berkeley, a Master’s in Urban Planning from Harvard University, and a BA in Fine Arts and French from the University of Pennsylvania. He served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Gabon from 2002 to 2004.

        Selected Publications

        Dong, Xiaoxia, Matt DiScenna, and Erick Guerra. 2017. “Transit User Perception of Driverless Buses.” Transportation May: 1–16.

        Landis, John, Erick Guerra, and David Hsu. 2017. “Intersecting National Climate Change Policy with Local Development Trends, Travel Patterns, and Building Forms.” Journal of Planning Education and Research.

        Guerra, Erick and Adam Millard-Ball. 2017. “Getting around a license-plate ban: Behavioral responses to Mexico City’s driving restriction.” Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 55: 113-126.

        Guerra, Erick. 2017. “Electric vehicles, air pollution, and the motorcycle city: A stated preference survey of consumers’ willingness to adopt electric motorcycles in Solo, Indonesia.” Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 

        Guerra, Erick. 2017. “Does Where You Live Affect How Much You Spend on Transit? The Link between Urban Form and Household Transit Expenditures in Mexico City.” The Journal of Transport and Land Use 10(1): 1–24.

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