People

Penn IUR is affiliated with more than 200 experts in the field of urbanism. Its Faculty Fellows program identifies faculty at the University of Pennsylvania with a demonstrated interest in urban research; the Penn IUR Scholars program identifies urban scholars outside of Penn; and the Penn IUR Fellows program identifies expert urban practitioners. Together, these programs foster a community of scholars and encourage cross-disciplinary collaboration.

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Penn IUR Scholar

Jordan Hyatt

x

Senior Research Associate, Jerry Lee Center of Criminology; Lecturer, Department of Criminology, School of Arts and Sciences, University of Pennsylvania

Areas of Interest

    About

    Jordan Hyatt is Senior Research Associate of the Jerry Lee Center of Criminology and a Lecturer in the Department of Criminology in the School of Arts and Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania. Previously, he served as a Public Interest Scholar at Villanova University School of Law. His recent research is focused on the integration of offender risk-assessment into sentencing decisions as well as the impact of cognitive behavioral therapy and social networks on high-risk probationers. He also currently works with the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing, the First Judicial District Reform Commission, and the Pennsylvania Innocence Project.

    Selected Publications

    Hyatt, J. M. & Barnes, G. C. (2014). The Impact of Intensive Supervision on the Recidivism of High-Risk Probationers. Results from a Randomized Trial.  Forthcoming.

    Barnes, G. C., Hyatt, J. M., Ahlman, L. C., & Kent, D. T. (2012). The Long Term Effects of Low Intensity Supervision for Lower Risk Probationers: Updated Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Criminal Justice, 35(2): 200-220.

    Hyatt, J. M., Chanenson, S. L., & Bergstrom, M. H. (2011). Reform in Motion: The Promise and Perils of Incorporating Risk Assessments and Cost-Benefit Analysis into Pennsylvania Sentencing. Duquesne Law Review, 49(4): 707-749.

    Barnes, G. C., & Hyatt, J. M. (2011). “Randomized Experiments and the Advancement of Criminological Theory.” In J. MacDonald (Ed.), Advances in Criminological Theory, Transaction Publishers: New Brunswick, NJ (Vol. 17).

    Affiliated PhD Student

    Krista Iskander

    x

    Doctoral Student, City and Regional Planning, School of Design, University of Pennslyvania

    About

    Krista Iskander is a doctoral student in City and Regional Planning at the University of Pennslyvania.
    Faculty Fellow

    Roberta Iversen

    x

    Associate Professor, Director of Master of Science in Social Policy Program

    About

    Roberta Iversen is Associate Professor and Director of the Master of Science in Social Policy Program in the School of Social Policy and Practice. She uses ethnographic research to extend knowledge about economic mobility, especially in urban families who are working but still poor and recently in exurban middle-income families as well. Her ethnographic accounts illuminate what low-income working parents need from secondary schools, job training organizations, businesses and firms, their children’s public schools, and public policy in order to earn enough to support their families through work. Housing policy in Milwaukee, WI and workforce development programs and policy in New Orleans, LA, Seattle, WA, St. Louis, MO, and Philadelphia, PA have been improved by findings from Iversen's research. Currently Iversen is exploring how low- and middle-income parents view work in the context of the labor market transformations between 1980 and 2010, post Studs Terkel's epic volume Working.

    Selected Publications

    Iversen, R. R., L. Napolitano, and F. F. Furstenberg, F.F. 2011. Middle-income Families in the Economic Downturn: Challenges and Management Strategies over Time. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies: International Journal, 2(3): 286-300.

    Iversen, R. R. and A. L. Armstrong. 2008. Hurricane Katrina and New Orleans: What Might an Embeddedness Perspective Offer Disaster Research and Planning? Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 8(1): 183-209.

    Iversen, R. R. and A. L. Armstrong. 2006. Jobs Aren’t Enough: Toward a New Economic Mobility for Low-income Families. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

    Iversen, R.  R. 2002. Moving Up is a Steep Climb. Baltimore, MD: The Annie E. Casey Foundation

    Penn IUR Scholar

    Paul A. Jargowsky

    x

    Professor of Public Policy and Director, Center for Urban Research and Urban Education, Rutgers University

    Senior Research Affiliate, National Poverty Center, University of Michigan

    Areas of Interest

      About

      Paul A. Jargowksy is Professor of Public Policy and Director, Center for Urban Research and Urban Education at Rutgers University. His primary areas of research focus on racial and economic segregation, the impacts of economic and spatial inequality, and the origins and consequences of exclusionary suburban development patterns. Prior to his position as Professor of Public Policy at Rutgers University, he was the Project Director for the New York State Task Force on Poverty and Welfare Reform and was also involved in fair housing and desegregation litigation as a consultant and expert witness. Jargowsky contributed to the report of the Task Force, The New Social Contract: Rethinking the Nature and Purpose of Public Assistance, which was extremely influential in reshaping the welfare reform debate. His book Poverty and Place was recognized as the “Best Book in Urban Affairs Published in 1997 or 1998” by the Urban Affairs Association.

      Selected Publications

      Jargowsky, Paul A. and Jeongdai Kim. 2009. The Information Theory of Segregation: Uniting Segregation and Inequality in a Common Framework, Research on Economic Inequality, 17: 3-31.

      Kim, Jeongdai and Paul A. Jargowsky. 2009. The GINI Coefficient and Segregation on a Continuous Variable. Research on Economic Inequality, 17: 1129-1151.

      Jargowsky, Paul A. 2003. Stunning Progress, Hidden Problems: The Dramatic Decline of Concentrated Poverty in the 1990s. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

      Jargowsky, Paul A. 1997. Poverty and Place: Ghettos, Barrios, and the American City. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. 

      Penn IUR Scholar

      Rucker C. Johnson

      x

      Associate Professor, Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California Berkeley

      Areas of Interest

        About

        Rucker C. Johnson is Associate Professor at the Goldman School of Public Policy at the University of California-Berkeley. Johnson is also a Faculty Research Fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research, a Faculty Research Fellow at the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute at Harvard, a Research Affiliate at the National Poverty Center at the University of Michigan, and a Research Affiliate at the Institute for Poverty Research at the University of Wisconsin. Johnson’s research is primarily concerned with the role of poverty and inequality in affecting life chances and opportunities. He looks at problems commonly associated with poverty such as low-wage labor markets, spatial mismatch, the societal consequences of incarceration, the impacts of childhood school and neighborhood quality on adult health and socioeconomic success, and educational attainment. 

        Selected Publications

        Johnson, Rucker C., Ariel Kalil, and Rachel Dunifon. 2010. Mothers’ Work and Children’s Lives: Low-income Families After Welfare Reform. Kalamazoo, MI: Upjohn Institute Press.

        Johnson, Rucker C. 2011. Health Dynamics and the Evolution of Health Inequality over the Life Course: The Importance of Neighborhood and Family Background. B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy: Advances.

        Johnson, Rucker C., Ariel Kalil, and Rachel Dunifon. 2011. Employment Patterns of Less-Skilled Workers: Links to Children’s Behavior and Academic Progress. Demography, 47(3).

        Johnson, Rucker C. 2010. The Health Returns of Education Policies: From Preschool to High School & Beyond. American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings.

        Penn IUR Scholar

        Mark L. Joseph

        x

        Associate Professor, Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences

        Director, National Initiative on Mixed-Income Communities

        Faculty Associate, Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development, Case Western Reserve University

        About

        Mark L. Joseph is an Associate Professor at the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Director of the National Initiative on Mixed-Income Communities, and a Faculty Associate at the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development at Case Western Reserve University. Joseph teaches classes on community practice. His fields of interest are urban poverty, community development, mixed-income development, and comprehensive community initiatives. In 2013 he launched the National Initiative on Mixed-Income Communities (NIMC) to serve as a central resource for research and information on creating and sustained mixed-income developments.  His research and evaluation work includes mixed-income public housing transformations in Chicago, San Francisco, and Akron, Ohio.  He is on the Urban Institute team conducting the national evaluation of the federal government's Choice Neighborhoods Initiative.  The NIMC will provide a database on mixed-income developments across the country as well as a mixed-income library and periodic scans of the field (nimc.case.edu).

        Selected Publications

        Joseph, M. L. 2013. Mixed-income Symposium Summary and Response: Implications for Antipoverty Policy. Cityscape, 15(2): 215-221.

        McCormick, N., M L. Joseph, and R. J. Chaskin. 2012. The New Stigma of Relocated Public Housing Residents: Challenges to Social Identity in Mixed-income Developments. City and Community, 11(3): 285-308.

        Chaskin, R. J. and M. L. Joseph. 2012. “Positive” Gentrification, Social Inclusion, and the “Right to the City” in Mixed-income Communities: Uses and Expectations of Space and Place. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 37(2): 280-302.

        Joseph, M. L. 2011. Reinventing Older Communities Through Mixed-income Development: What are We Learning from Chicago’s Public Housing Transformation? In Neighborhood and Life Chances: How Place Matters in Modern America, 122-139. Harriet B. Newburger, Eugénie L. Birch, and Susan M. Wachter, eds. 122-139. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 

        Fellow

        Elizabeth Kneebone

        x

        Fellow, Brookings Institution, Metropolitan Policy Program

        About

        Elizabeth Kneebone is a fellow at the Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings and co-author of Confronting Suburban Poverty in America (Brookings Press, 2013). Her work primarily focuses on urban and suburban poverty, metropolitan demographics, and tax policies that support low-income workers and communities. In Confronting Suburban Poverty In America she and co-author Alan Berube address the changing geography of metropolitan poverty and offer pragmatic solutions for reforming and modernizing the nation’s policy and practice framework for alleviating poverty and increasing access to opportunity.

        Selected Publications

        Kneebone, Elizabeth and Alan Berube. 2013. Confronting Suburban Poverty in America. Washington: DC: Brookings Institution Press.
         
        Kneebone, Elizabeth and Carey Nadeau. 2013. “The Resurgence of Concentrated Poverty in America: Metropolitan Trends in the 2000s.” In The New American 
        Suburbs: Poverty, Race, and the Mortgage Crisis, edited by Katrin Anacker. Ashgate.
        Carey Nadeau).
         
        Kneebone, Elizabeth and Steven Raphael. 2011. “City and Suburban Crime Trends in Metropolitan America.” Brookings Institution.
        Faculty Fellow

        Shiriki Kumanyika

        x

        Professor of Epidemiology in Biostatistics and Epidemiology and Pediatrics

        Senior Scholar, Epidemiology, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatiscs (CCEB)

        About

        Shiriki Kumanyika has an interdisciplinary background and holds advanced degrees in social work, nutrition, and public health. She was the Founding Director of Penn’s interdisciplinary, multi-school Master of Public Health program and is currently the Senior Advisor to the Center for Public Health Initiatives. Kumanyika’s research focuses on identifying effective strategies to reduce nutrition-related chronic disease risks. She has served as principal investigator or co-investigator on several randomized clinical trials or observational studies related to salt intake, other aspects of diet, or obesity. A major theme in her current research is improving equity in food marketing environments in African American communities. In 2002, she founded the African American Collaborative Obesity Research Network (AACORN) (http://www.aacorn.org), a national network that seeks to improve the quantity, quality, and effective translation of research on weight issues in African American communities.   In addition, she has a long history of providing policy guidance on public health nutrition issues to organizations in the United States and abroad. Kumanyika has published extensively in the scientific literature and lectured widely in the U.S. and many other countries. 

        Selected Publications

        Grier, S.A. and S. K. Kumanyika. 2008. The Context for Choice: Health Implications of Targeted Food and Beverage Marketing to African Americans. American Journal of Public Health, 98(9): 1616-29.

        Disantis, K. I., S. K. Grier, A. Odoms-Young, M. L. Baskin, L. Carter-Edwards, D. R. Young, V. Lassiter, and S. K. Kumanyika . 2013. What "Price" Means When Buying Food: Insights From a Multisite Qualitative Study with Black Americans. American Journal of Public Health, 103(3): 516-522.

        Kumanyika, S, W. C. Taylor, S. A. Grier, V. Lassiter, K. J. Lancaster, C. B. Morssink, A. M. Renzaho. 2012. Community Energy Balance: A Framework for Contextualizing Cultural Influences on High Risk of Obesity in Ethnic Minority Populations. Prev Med., 55(5): 371-81

        Faculty Fellow

        Janice Fanning Madden

        x

        Professor of Regional Science, Sociology, and Real Estate

        About

        Janice Fanning Madden is Professor of Regional Science, Sociology, and Real Estate at the University of Pennsylvania. Her research deals with the influence of demographics and/or spatial structure on the workings of the labor market, concentrating on the study of discrimination and of spatial immobility in the labor market. Her research can be grouped into the following topics: (1) the influence of discrimination and of government policies to eliminate discrimination on labor market outcomes; (2) the extent and effects of spatial immobility in local labor markets;  and (3) differences in growth in income and earnings inequality in American cities.

        Selected Publications

        Madden, J. Changing Racial and Poverty Segregation in Large U.S. Metropolitan Areas, 1970-2009, International Regional Science Review (forthcoming).

        Madden, J. 2012. Performance-Support Bias and the Gender Pay Gap among Stockbrokers, Gender & Society, 26 (3): 488-518.

        Madden, J. 1981. Why Women Work Closer to Home, Urban Studies,18: 181- 194.

        Faculty Fellow

        Rebecca A. Maynard

        x

        University Trustee Professor of Education and Social Policy, Education Policy Division

        School/Department

        Areas of Interest

          About

          Rebecca Maynard is University Trustee Professor of Education and Social Policy in the Education Policy Division of the Graduate School of Education. She is a leading expert in the design and conduct of randomized controlled trials in the areas of education and social policy. She has conducted influential methodological research, recently published open-ware tools to support the efficient design of rigorous impact evaluations, and been a leader in the development and application of methods for conducting systematic reviews of evidence on program effectiveness. She is a Fellow of the American Education Research Association; Past President of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management; recipient of the Peter H. Rossi Award for Contributions to the Theory and Practice of Program Evaluation (2009); co-recipient of the Society of Prevention Research Public Service Award (2008); and recipient of the Best Book Award, Society for Research on Adolescents (1998). Her current research projects range from an international comparative study of strategies for preparing secondary school math and science teachers to studies of innovative strategies for preparing low-skilled young adults for the workforce both in the United States and in developing countries. She recently returned to Penn following a two-year leave to serve as Commissioner of the National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance at the Institute of Education Sciences. 

          Selected Publications

          Nianbo, N. and R. Maynard. 2013. PowerUp!: A Tool for Calculating Minimum Detectable Effect Sizes and Minimum Required Sample Sizes for Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Design Studies. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness 6(1): 24-67.

          Hawkinson, L. E., A. Griffen, N. Dong, and R. Maynard. 2012. The Relationship between Child Care Subsidies and Children’s Cognitive Development. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 28(2): 388-404.

          Hoffman, S., and R. Maynard, eds. 2008. Kids Having Kids: Economic Costs and Social Consequences of Teen Pregnancy. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.

          Maynard, R., and S. Hoffman. 2008. The Costs of Adolescent Childbearing. In Kids Having Kids: Economic Costs and Social Consequences of Teen Pregnancy, S. Hoffman and R. Maynard, eds. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, 359-402.

          Faculty Fellow

          Matthew D. McHugh

          x

          The Rosemarie Greco Term Endowed Associate Professor in Advocacy

          Associate Professor of Nursing

          Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar

          Associate Director of Penn’s Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research

          School/Department

          Areas of Interest

            About

            Matthew D. McHugh is the Rosemarie Greco Term Endowed Associate Professor in Advocacy, Associate Professor of Nursing, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar, and the Associate Director of Penn’s Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research in the School of Nursing. McHugh is a nursing outcomes and policy researcher. He is a Fellow in interdisciplinary collaborative research centers at Penn including the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, the Center for Public Health Initiatives, the Institute on Aging, the Institute for Urban Research, and the Population Studies Center. McHugh is also a family nurse practitioner and psychiatric–mental health clinical nurse specialist. The fundamental question underlying his research is “How does the organization of nursing influence the achievement of our most important national health policy goals?” He draws on his expertise in nursing, law, public health, and health services research to conduct studies demonstrating nursing’s position as a force for quality, equity, and innovation in health services. 

            Selected Publications

            McHugh, M.D. and C. Ma. 2013. The Effect of Hospital Nursing on 30-day Readmission among Medicare Patients with Heart Failure, Acute Myocardial Infarction, and Pneumonia. Medical Care, 51: 52-59.

            Lee, J., D. Kelly, and M.D. McHugh. 2012. Health Reform and the Constitutionality of the Individual Mandate. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 12(4): 236-244.

            McHugh, M.D. and A. Witkoski Stimpfel. 2012. Nurse Reported Quality of Care: A Measure of Hospital Quality. Research in Nursing & Health, 35(6): 566-575.

            McHugh, M. D., M. Brooks Carthon, D. M. Sloane, E. S. Wu, L. Kelly, and L. H. Aiken. 2012. The Impact of Nurse Staffing Mandates on Safety Net Hospitals: Lessons from California. The Milbank Quarterly, 90(1): 160-186.

            McHugh, M.D., L. Kelly, D. M. Sloane, and L. H. Aiken. 2011. Contradicting Fears, California's Nurse-to-Patient Staffing Mandate Did Not Reduce the Skill Level of the Nursing Workforce in Hospitals. Health Affairs, 30(7): 1299-1306.

            Faculty Fellow

            Afaf I. Meleis

            x

            Dean Emerita and Professor of Nursing and Sociology

            School/Department

            Areas of Interest

              About

              Afaf Meleis is Margaret Bond Simon Dean Nursing and Director of the School’s WHO Collaborating Center for Nursing and Midwifery Leadership, School of Nursing. Her scholarship is focused on global health, immigrant and international health, women’s health, and on the theoretical development of the nursing discipline. She is the author of more than 175 articles about women’s health in developing countries, transitions theory, doctoral education in nursing, and interprofessional education in social sciences, nursing, and medical journals; over forty chapters; seven books; and numerous monographs and proceedings. Meleis is a sought-after keynote speaker for national and international conferences on women’s health and development, disparities in healthcare, and international health. She has been invited for visiting professorships, and to conduct symposia, present keynote addresses, serve on boards, plan conferences, and consult on women’s health research and doctoral education nationally and internationally (in Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, South America and North America). Prior to coming to Penn, Meleis was on the nursing faculty of at the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of California, San Francisco for thirty-four years. She is a Fellow of the Royal College of Nursing in the UK, the American Academy of Nursing, and the College of Physicians of Philadelphia; a member of the Institute of Medicine, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar National Advisory Committee, the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation Macy Faculty Scholars program, and the George W. Bush Presidential Center Women’s Initiative Policy Advisory Council; and the National Institutes of Health Advisory Committee on Research on Women’s Health; a Board Member of CARE, and the Consortium of Universities for Global Health; co-chair of the IOM Global Forum on Innovation for Health Professional Education and the Harvard School of Public Health-Penn Nursing-Lancet Commission on Women and Health.  Meleis is also President Emerita and Counsel General Emerita of the International Council on Women's Health Issues (ICOWHI) and the former Global Ambassador for the Girl Child Initiative of the International Council of Nurses (ICN).   

              Selected Publications

              Davidson, P.M., S. Sindhu. and A. I. Meleis. 2012. Women's Health is Now Core Business and a Global Health Issue. Collegian, 19(1), 1-3.

              Meleis, A. I. 2011. Theoretical Nursing: Development and Progress (5th edition). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

              Meleis, A.I., E. Birch, and S. Wachter, eds. 2011. Women's Health and the World's Cities. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

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