Senior Research Scholar at the NYU Stern Urbanization Project
Alain Bertaud is a senior research scholar at the NYU Stern Urbanization Project. His main area of research is the impact of markets, transportation, and regulations on urban form. At the moment, he is writing a book about urban planning that is tentatively titled Order Without Design. Bertaud previously held the position of principal urban planner at the World Bank, where he worked on urban policy and urban infrastructure development in India, in transition economies such as China, Russia, and countries of Eastern Europe. After retiring from the Bank in 1999, he worked as an independent consultant. Prior to joining the World Bank he worked as a resident urban planner in a number of cities around the world: Bangkok, San Salvador (El Salvador), Port au Prince (Haiti), Sana’a (Yemen), New York, Paris, Tlemcen (Algeria), and Chandigarh (India).
Bertaud’s research, conducted in collaboration with his wife Marie-Agnès, aims to bridge the gap between operational urban planning and urban economics. Their work focuses primarily on the interaction between urban forms, real estate markets and regulations. Bertaud’s publications can be downloaded from: http://alainbertaud.com.
Bertaud, Alain and Brueckner, Jan K. 2005. Analyzing building-height restrictions: predicted impacts and welfare costs. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 35: 109-125.
Bertaud, Alain. 2003. Clearing the air in Atlanta: transit and smart growth or conventional economics? Journal of Urban Economics, 54: 379–400.
Bertaud, Alain. 2010. Land Markets, Government Interventions and Housing Affordability. Wolfensohn Center for Development Working Paper 18.
Bertaud, Alain and Malpezzi, Stephen. 2001. Measuring the Costs and Benefits of Urban Land Use Regulation: A Simple Model with an Application to Malaysia. Journal of Housing Economics,10: 393–418.
José Caléia Castro
Areas of Interest
José Caléia Castro is a Ph.D. Candidate in Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Vale do Paraiba, São Paulo, Brazil, and a visiting scholar at the School of Design, University of Pennsylvania. An architect and urbanist, Caléia's research interests are related to informal urbanization processes and planning policies in the countries of the Global South. He employs a mixed methodology to analyze hybridization strategies from the combination of formal/informal transport systems as a new theoretical/methodological approach to the planning and restructuring of urban spaces of informal cities. From 1998 to 2006, he worked with the United Nations (UNICEF, WFP) in Angola. In Brazil, he worked as an architect and a construction coordinator in several offices, as assistant professor, and as assistant researcher at the Research Institute of the University do Vale do Paraiba. He earned his M.A. in Urban and Regional Planning from the University of Vale do Paraiba.
Castro, José Caléia; Reschilian, Paulo Romano; Zanetti, Valéria. Candongueiros and urban “disorder” in Luanda: an analysis of the social representation of informal transport. urbe, Rev. Bras. Gest. Urbana [online]. 2018, vol.10, n.1.
Castro, José Caléia, Reschilian, Paulo. Territorial planning of Africa globalized cities: The informality interference in the metropolization process of Luanda city. WPSC, 2016.
Castro, José Caléia; Neto, Pedro Ribeiro. The war as a factor of induction to urbanization: Internal conflicts and structuring of the regional space in Angola. XVI Enanpur, 2015 (Port.).
Friesen Chair of Urban Studies, Professor of City and Regional Planning, College of Environmental Design, University of California – Berkeley
Robert Cervero is Friesen Chair of Urban Studies and Professor of City and Regional Planning in the College of Environmental Design at the University of California – Berkeley. He is also the Director of both the Institute of Urban and Regional Development and the University of California Transportation Center. Cervero’s research and teaching focus on transportation planning, transportation and land use, infrastructure planning, and international development. His research on transportation focuses on how new urban developments and transformations impact travel behavior. In 2004, Cervero was the first-ever recipient of the Dale Prize for Excellence in Urban Planning Research. He has won the Article of The Year award for two separate articles from the Journal of the American Planning Association.
Cervero, Robert. 1998 (1st ed). The Transit Metropolis: A Global Inquiry. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Ewing, Reid and Robert Cervero. 2010. Travel and the Built Environment: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of the American Planning Association, 76(3): 265-294.
Cervero, Robert. 2013 (reprint edition). Suburban Gridlock. New Brunswick, NJ: Center for Urban Policy Research.
Cervero, Robert. 1997. Paratransit in America: Redefining Mass Transportation. New York: Prager.
Doctoral Candidate in City and Regional Planning, University of Pennsylvania
Mengke Chen recently received her PhD in City and Regional Planning at PennDesign. Her research interests include economic development, transportation investment (high-speed rail investment), and transportation and land use. Chen is particularly interested with regards to the impact of high speed rail development on urban economics in Chinese cities, as well as in Europe. The profound societal and economic impact of high-speed rail in contemporary society also constitutes a chief focus of her research. Chen received her Master’s in Urban Spatial Analytics from the University of Pennsylvania and her B.S. and G.I.S. from Peking University in Beijing, China.
Chen, Mengke and Matthias N. Sweet. “Does regional travel time unreliability influence mode choice?” Transportation. Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2011.
PhD Candidate, City and Regional Planning, University of Pennslyvania
Areas of Interest
Xiaoxia Dong is a doctoral student in the Department of City and Regional Planning at PennDesign. His research interest lies in transportation and infrastructure planning. In particular, he is eager to explore how the potential of new transportation technologies and services such as driverless cars and ride-hailing can be maximized to create accessible and sustainable urban environment. Having witnessed the success and failure of many of these emerging technologies and services in China, he also hopes to incorporate an international perspective into his research. His goal is to enable policy makers to make informed decisions when facilitating urban development with respect to new transportation technologies and services. Xiaoxia has a BA degree in Urban Planning from the University of Utah and a Master of City Planning degree from the University of Pennsylvania. He worked as a transportation planner at Fehr and Peers where he participated in multimodal planning, traffic impact studies, master planning, and statistical analyses. He also interned at the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Beijing after college where he learned the current sustainability related policies and practices in China.
Dong, Xiaoxia. 2014 “A High Speed Future.” Panorama. University of Pennsylvania, School of Design.
Dong, Xiaoxia. 2011 “Wisdom of the Businessmen of Chicago” (In Chinese). Peking University Business Review. Peking University.
Areas of Interest
Erick Guerra is Assistant Professor in City and Regional Planning in the School of Design, where he teaches courses in transportation planning and quantitative planning methods. His research focuses on the relationship between land use, transportation systems, and travel behavior with an emphasis on rapidly motorizing cities, public health outcomes, and transportation technologies. He has published recent articles on land use and transportation in Mexico and Indonesia, public transport policy, land use and traffic safety, and contemporary planning for self-driving vehicles.
As a practicing researcher and consultant, Guerra has ongoing or recently completed projects on accessibility and transportation affordability for the Brookings Institution, the World Bank, the OECD, and the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. He holds a Ph.D. in City and Regional Planning from the University of California Berkeley, a Master’s in Urban Planning from Harvard University, and a BA in Fine Arts and French from the University of Pennsylvania. He served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Gabon from 2002 to 2004.
Dong, Xiaoxia, Matt DiScenna, and Erick Guerra. 2017. “Transit User Perception of Driverless Buses.” Transportation May: 1–16.
Landis, John, Erick Guerra, and David Hsu. 2017. “Intersecting National Climate Change Policy with Local Development Trends, Travel Patterns, and Building Forms.” Journal of Planning Education and Research.
Guerra, Erick and Adam Millard-Ball. 2017. “Getting around a license-plate ban: Behavioral responses to Mexico City’s driving restriction.” Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 55: 113-126.
Guerra, Erick. 2017. “Electric vehicles, air pollution, and the motorcycle city: A stated preference survey of consumers’ willingness to adopt electric motorcycles in Solo, Indonesia.” Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment.
Guerra, Erick. 2017. “Does Where You Live Affect How Much You Spend on Transit? The Link between Urban Form and Household Transit Expenditures in Mexico City.” The Journal of Transport and Land Use 10(1): 1–24.
Andrew F. Haughwout
Senior Vice President and Function Head, Microeconomic Studies Function, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Andy F. Haughwout is a Senior Vice President and Function Head of the Microeconomic Studies Function at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. He is the Group’s Senior Administrative Officer and a co-editor of the Liberty Street Economics blog. In addition to his duties at the Bank, he serves on a Transportation Research Board panel investigating the value of transportation spending as economic stimulus. He is a past Chair of the North American Regional Science Council and the Federal Reserve System Committee on Regional Analysis and serves on the Advisory Board of the Journal of Regional Science. Prior to joining the New York Fed, Haughwout served as Assistant Professor at Princeton University.
Nemirovsky Family Dean of Penn Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Pennsylvania
Areas of Interest
Vijay Kumar is the Nemirovsky Family Dean of Penn Engineering with appointments in the Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Computer and Information Science, and Electrical and Systems Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Kumar received his Bachelor of Technology degree from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur and his Ph.D. from The Ohio State University in 1987. He has been on the Faculty in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics with a secondary appointment in the Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Pennsylvania since 1987. Dr. Kumar served as the Deputy Dean for Research in the School of Engineering and Applied Science from 2000-2004. He directed the GRASP Laboratory, a multidisciplinary robotics and perception laboratory, from 1998-2004. He was the Chairman of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics from 2005-2008. He served as the Deputy Dean for Education in the School of Engineering and Applied Science from 2008-2012. He then served as the assistant director of robotics and cyber physical systems at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (2012 – 2013). Dr. Kumar is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (2003), a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers(2005) and a member of the National Academy of Engineering (2013). Dr. Kumar’s research interests are in robotics, specifically multi-robot systems, and micro aerial vehicles. He has served on the editorial boards of the IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, ASME Journal of Mechanical Design, the ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics and the Springer Tract in Advanced Robotics (STAR). He currently serves as Editor of the ASME Journal of Mechanisms and Robotics and as Advisory Board Member of the AAAS Science Robotics Journal. He is the recipient of the 1991 National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator award, the 1996 Lindback Award for Distinguished Teaching (University of Pennsylvania), the 1997 Freudenstein Award for significant accomplishments in mechanisms and robotics, the 2012 ASME Mechanisms and Robotics Award, the 2012 IEEE Robotics and Automation Society Distinguished Service Award, a 2012 World Technology Network (wtn.net) award, a 2014 Engelberger Robotics Award and the 2017 IEEE Robotics and Automation Society George Saridis Leadership Award in Robotics and Automation. He has won best paper awards at DARS 2002, ICRA 2004, ICRA 2011, RSS 2011, and RSS 2013, and has advised doctoral students who have won Best Student Paper Awards at ICRA 2008, RSS 2009, and DARS 2010.
Ehsani and Das, “Yield estimation in citrus with SUAVs,” Citrus Extension Trade Journals, pp. 16-18, 2016.
Concha, Loianno, Kumar, and Civera, “Visual-inertial direct SLAM,” in 2016 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2016, pp. 1331-1338.
Wong, Steager, and Kumar, “Independent Control of Identical Magnetic Robots in a Plane,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, vol. 1, iss. 1, pp. 554-561, 2016.
Hunter, Chodosh, Steager, and Kumar, “Control of microstructures propelled via bacterial baths,” in 2016 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2016, pp. 1693-1700.
Kessens, Thomas, Desai, and Kumar, “Versatile Aerial Grasping Using Self-Sealing Suction,” in IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Stockholm, 2016.
Executive Vice President, Samsung Electronics; Visiting Professor, Cornell Tech
Daniel Lee is the Executive Vice President of Samsung Electronics, and Visiting Professor at Cornell Tech. He is formerly the UPS Foundation Chair Professor in the School of Engineering and Applied Science. He received his B.A. summa cum laude in Physics from Harvard University and his Ph.D. in Condensed Matter Physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1995. Before coming to Penn, he was a researcher at AT&T and Lucent Bell Laboratories in the Theoretical Physics and Biological Computation departments. He is a Fellow of the IEEE and AAAI and has received the National Science Foundation CAREER award and the University of Pennsylvania Lindback award for distinguished teaching. He was also a fellow of the Hebrew University Institute of Advanced Studies in Jerusalem, an affiliate of the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, and organized the US-Japan National Academy of Engineering Frontiers of Engineering symposium. As director of the GRASP Laboratory and founding co-director of the CMU-Penn University Transportation Center, his group focuses on understanding general computational principles in biological systems, and on applying that knowledge to build autonomous systems.
Khan, Arbaaz, Clark Zhang, Nikolay Atanasov, Konstantinos Karydis, Vijay Kumar, Daniel D. Lee. 2017. “Memory Augmented Control Networks.” arXiv.
Khan, Arbaaz, Clark Zhang, Nikolay Atanasov, Konstantinos Karydis, Daniel D. Lee, Vijay Kumar. 2017. “End-to-End Navigation in Unknown Environments using Neural Networks.” arXiv.
McGill, Stephen G, Seung‐Joon Yi, Hak Yi, Min Sung Ahn, Sanghyun Cho, Kevin Liu, Daniel Sun, Bhoram Lee, Heejin Jeong, Jinwook Huh, Dennis Hong, and Daniel D Lee. 2017. “Team THOR’s Entry in the DARPA Robotics Challenge Finals 2015.” Journal of Field Robotics 34(4): 775-801.
Huh, Jinwook, Bhoram Lee, and Daniel D Lee. 2017. “Adaptive motion planning with high-dimensional mixture models.” Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2017 IEEE International Conference.
Consultant, U.S. Advisory Services Group, WSP Parsons Brinkerhoff
Areas of Interest
Simon Mosbah is an incoming Consultant with WSP Parsons Brinkerhoff in Washington D.C., in the U.S. Advisory Services Group, focusing on transit project development and finance. He holds a Ph.D. in City and Regional Planning from the University of Pennsylvania. His dissertation focused on airports, airport expansions and employment in U.S. metropolitan areas. He published an article on the topic of airports and economic development in the Journal of Planning Literature, with Dr. Megan Ryerson: “Can US Metropolitan Areas Use Large Commercial Airports as Tools to Bolster Regional Economic Growth?”. He worked on the Sustainable Communities Indicators Catalog, a project between the Penn Institute for Urban Research and the Partnership for Sustainable Communities (U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department for Housing and Urban Development) between 2013 and 2015, with Dr. Eugenie Birch as PI and funding by the Ford Foundation. He was specifically responsible for the selection and definition of transportation indicators for the catalog. Originally from France, Simon is a graduate of the Sorbonne (majoring in Classics, with minors in History and Linguistics), and the Ecole Normale Superieure; he holds an MBA from ESSEC Business School (majoring in Corporate Finance and Diversity Management). He previously worked as a business strategy consultant in France, specializing in rail transportation, and taught French at Amherst College (Massachusetts).
Mosbah, S. 2013 “Rethinking transit projects in high-income neighborhoods.” Panorama. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, School of Design.
Former Mayor of Bogota, Columbia; President, Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP)
Enrique Peñalosa was Mayor of Bogota, Colombia from 1998-2001, and is currently President of the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP). As Mayor, Peñalosa profoundly transformed Bogota, implementing an environmentally and socially sustainable model for the city that prioritized public transportation, public pedestrian spaces, and the welfare of the city’s children. He is credited with creating TransMilenio, one of the world’s best bus transit systems. His many other initiatives included: a network of bicycle paths, slum improvement projects, daily car use restrictions during peak hours and an annual Car Free Day, new parks and libraries, and a land bank to provide low income housing. Penalosa’s advisory work concentrates on sustainability, mobility, equity, public space and quality of life, and the organizational and leadership requirements to turn ideas into projects and realities. His ideas and innovations have been featured in many international publications, and he has won a number of awards including the 2009 Göteborg Award for Sustainable Development, the Eisenhower Fellowship, and the Simon Bolivar National Prize for Journalism, among others. Peñalosa has published numerous articles in newspapers and magazines as well as two books.
Penalosa, Enrique. 1990. Democracy and Capitalism: Challenges of the Coming Century. Fundación hacia el Desarrollo.
Penalosa, Enrique. 1989. Capitalism: The Best Option. Fundación hacia el Desarrollo.
Managing Director for Policy and Founder, Institute for Transportation & Development Policy
Michael Replogle is Managing Director for Policy and Founder of the Institute for Transportation & Development Policy (IDTP), a nonprofit organization that promotes environmentally sustainable and equitable transportation projects and policies worldwide. Serving from 1983-1992 as transportation coordinator for the Maryland-National Capital Parks and Planning Commission, he co-founded Bikes Not Bombs and ITDP in 1984-1985, and served as ITDP’s President for all but a few years between 1985-2009. Replogle served as Transportation Director at the Environmental Defense Fund, from 1992-2009, testifying frequently before the U.S. Congress, shaping federal transportation and environmental regulations, and working with metropolitan planning organizations and civil society groups to guide local and regional transportation and air quality planning and project development. He is a member of the U.S. Advisory Committee on Transportation Statistics and an emeritus member of the Transportation Research Board Committee on Transportation in Developing Countries, which he helped found. He is author of several hundred articles and papers.
Replogle, Michael and Colin Hughes. 2012. “Moving Towards Sustainable Transport.” In State of the World 2012: Moving Towards Sustainable Prosperity. Washington DC: Island Press.
Replogle, Michael, Annie Weinstock, Walter Hook, and Ramon Cruz. 2011. Recapturing Global Leadership in Bus Rapid Transit. New York: Institute for Transportation & Development Policy.
Creutzig, Felix, Maximilian Theis, Jiang Ping Zhou, and Michael Replogle. 2011. “Trapped in Tremendous Congestion: Can Beijing Find a Road towards Harmonious and Sustainable Transport?” Urban Transport of China, 9(4).
Replogle, Michael and Keri Funderburg. 2006. No More Just Throwing Money Out the Window: Using Road Tolls to Cut Congestion, Protect the Environment, and Boost Access for All. New York: Environmental Defense Fund.
Replogle, Michael. 1990. Non-Motorized Vehicles in Asian Cities (prepared as part of the World Bank Asia Urban Transport Sector Study).
Replogle, Michael. 1987. Sustainable Transportation Strategies for Third World Development. Paper prepared for presentation to Conference Session on Human-Powered Transportation and Transportation Planning for Developing Countries, Washington, DC: 67th Annual Meeting (1988) of the Transportation Research Board.